Varicose veins are abnormally stretched or swollen veins that protrude from the surface of the skin in a rope-like manner. Generally found on the legs, varicose veins are the result of faulty vein valves or weak vein walls.
Leg vein problems begin when the vein valves that prevent blood from flowing in the wrong direction (reflux) become weak or malfunction. This causes blood to pool in the veins, forcing them to protrude from the skin becoming tortuous or rope-like. This increased venous pressure can lead to further failure of other vein valves and to the development of varicose veins.
Vein Treatment Options
At Sehgal Neo Hospital, you receive a treatment plan based on your individual needs. First, our experienced surgeons ask about your medical history, perform a physical exam, and then conduct an ultrasound of the area in question to help pinpoint the cause of your concerns. These problems may include enlarged or dilated veins, malfunctioning venous valves, blocked veins, or blood clots. If one finds that particular veins are unattractive or cause pain, swelling or other uncomfortable symptoms, you may be a candidate for vein treatment. Some common outpatient procedures for different types of vein issues, such as varicose veins, include the following:
Radiofrequency occlusion, is a minimally invasive, fast-healing treatment used to treat varicose veins, those swollen or congested veins that can protrude from the skin and look like small pieces of rope.
Endovenous laser is a similar procedure used to seal varicose veins. It is performed using ultrasound to guide a small laser fiber into the damaged vein. The device delivers heat in the form of laser energy to the vein wall to seal it shut. Eventually, the body absorbs the vein. This procedure is also performed using local/ spinal anesthesia and is usually completed in less than one hour. You can go home the same day or the next day after the procedure is over and return to your normal activities.
This simple procedure is effective in treating the early stages of varicose veins to prevent additional complications such as swelling, unsightliness, or excessive bulging. Your doctor uses a small needle to inject the vein with a medication that irritates the lining of the vein, triggering it to close and be reabsorbed into your body over time. You may need one to several sclerotherapy sessions for the treatment to be effective, and the number of injections varies per session.
While scarring and other complications are rare, Side effects may include bruising that usually disappears within two weeks. You can usually go about your normal activities after your session.
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